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Chess Pawns

A Welcome Note
I welcome you here for taking your time to learn chess. You have developed a wonderful interest with a strong passion that will transform how you think, reason and analyze issues. – Our chess champions around the world started somewhere and play their ways through errors and corrections to the stages they are now.
Don’t be diverted this article is to teach you how to play chess, we decide to start from how to use a chess pawn. There are outlines and guidelines to follow. Chess is quite simple. To every skill and talent, practice! Strengthens your knowledge. Find a way to practice 😉 . Get Started How To Use Chess Pawns


  • Description
  • Identification
  • Population
  • Movement
  • Capture
  • Point Value
  • Special moves

This article discloses how to use chess pawns

Description of a Pawn
A pawn is considered the weakest, laziest,slowest,and the smallest piece on the chessboard.

Identification of a Pawn
A pawn can be easily identified by looking at its round barred head, short neck and a flat circular waist , see photo

Population of Pawns

Pawns are eight in number for each starting chess game. Its eight for white player and eight for black player

Pawn Movements

Pawns are the only pieces on the chessboard that doesn’t move backwards. They move one step forward turn by turn. White player plays first follow by black player
Pawns on their initial position can be moved one step forward or two steps forward. After a pawn has moved a step or two steps forward it moves only one step forward in turns.

A chess pawn can capture one step / square diagonally. It immediately takes the position of the  captured piece.

Pawn movement and capture

Explanation of the Illustration above – Focus on the Pawns with Red Arrows
The Pawn on c2 – has not moved, it has the option to either move one step or two steps forward. It has no capture option yet. The pawn on d4 has two capture options to either capture knight on c5 or bishop on e5. The pawn on a4 has on option to move a step forward.

Pawn movements and capture – Black illustration

Explanation of the Illustration above – Focus on the Pawns with Green Arrows The pawn on a6 has an option to capture bishop on b5. The Pawn on e7 has a move option to move forward. The Pawn on g3 has the option to move forward.

Special Moves – • Pawn Promotion : Pawns have the special ability to become Knight, Bishop, Rook or Queen, if it gets to the end of the board that is the opponent end. • Enpassant (click here)

A pawn possesses 1 point as its value 

The first thing you should always be doing is gaining center control, d and e file pawns are the options for center control because you usually want to develop these pawns early.

The second thing you need to think about in the beginning of a chess game is king safety. Master the act of early castling. The more you move your pawns away from your king the less safe the king becomes.

Watch Video for more

Learn How to use chess knight

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