Algebraic Notation

Algebraic Notation in Chess

Algebraic Notation chess
Skills to develop in algebraic notation is the ability to interrupt coordinates in maps and graphs

•Teach students how to read and write moves using algebraic notation

Skills developed

• Concepts of horizontal and vertical.

• Able to read grids such as maps and line graphs

Chess is a game played by two players, its designed to have the white player’s side and the black player’s side. There exist a system of notation describing the situation of the board,moves and position of the chess pieces and pawn. Its called Algebraic Notation

A chess board with its pieces

Algebraic notation is the way in which chess players read and write moves. Each move is an abbreviation of the piece that will move,followed by its destination square of that piece. The board is a square divided into smaller bits of 64 squares alternating light squares and dark squares.

The names of the squares are a letter-number combination. The way you “read” a chessboard is the way you read the co-ordinates on a map, or those found on the children’s board game battleship.

Another way to describe to children the names of the squares is to compare them to the names of people . Just like people have a first and last name, so do the squares. The only difference is that ,for each square,its first name is a letter and its last name is a number.

Practical Illustration


Castlemind Algebraic notation
Green Arrow – File
Red Arrow – Rank

The Horizontal part labelled a – h is the file let us call it first name

The Vertical part labeled 1 – 8 is the rank let us call this second name , so place first name before second name


Algebraic notation castlemind
Pawn on b3

The illustration above show the position of a pawn using the algebraic notation of letter-number combination “b3”


Algebraic notation chess
Bishop on a5 written as Ba5
Queen on e2 written as Qe2
How to write capture in chess

A capture action is indicated by the symbol ( x ). It is expressed in this form.


B (x) Nc3
B x Qd8

Thanks for reading , you consider proceeding to learn how to set up chess pieces

Algebraic Notation for Major Pieces

The Queen,King and Rook are called major pieces, while knight ,bishop and pawns are the minor pieces. The alphabetic Suffix used for Queen is Q, For King is K and For Rook Is R, knight is N and B is bishop

Further Tips :

Algebraic Notation
Each square is described by a lowercase (small) letter (a-h) which names the file, and a number (1-8) which tells you the rank.

Chess notation

Each move tells you which piece has moved to which
square. So Rb5 means the White Rook moves to the
square b5. Pawn moves are shown without a “P”, just the
square is named: so d6 means the White Pawn on d5
moves to the square d6.
When you take a piece a cross (x) is used: so RxBb8
means the Rook takes the Bishop on b8. If you take with
a Pawn, you write the file that the Pawn starts on, for
example, gxf4.

Check is shown with a plus (+), Rh1+. Checkmate is
shown with two plus signs, Qg7++, or a hash, Qg7#.
Castling King’s-side is shown as O-O; castling Queen’s
side is shown as O-O-O (neither shown on the diagram).
Sometimes two of the same kind of piece can move to
the same square. For example, both Knights could move
to d6. We show which Knight we have moved by naming
the starting square, so N(f5)d6. Most players shorten this
to either Nfd6 or
Three dots before a move (…Rb7) mean it is a move by

Algebraic chess notation

A typical tournament Recording Sheet

OSFI Tournament recording sheet 2018

Other Great Resources for Algebraic Notation