### Algebraic Notation in Chess

###### Objective:

•Teach students how to read and write moves using algebraic notation

###### Skills developed

• Concepts of horizontal and vertical.

• Able to read grids such as maps and line graphs

Chess is a game played by two players, its designed to have the white player’s side and the black player’s side. There exist a system of notation describing the situation of the board,moves and position of the chess pieces and pawn. Its called Algebraic Notation

Algebraic notation is the way in which chess players read and write moves. Each move is an abbreviation of the piece that will move,followed by its destination square of that piece. The board is a square divided into smaller bits of 64 squares alternating light squares and dark squares.

The names of the squares are a letter-number combination. The way you “read” a chessboard is the way you read the co-ordinates on a map, or those found on the children’s board game battleship.

Another way to describe to children the names of the squares is to compare them to the names of people . Just like people have a first and last name, so do the squares. The only difference is that ,for each square,its first name is a letter and its last name is a number.

###### Practical Illustration

## #1

The Horizontal part labelled a – h is the file let us call it first name

The Vertical part labeled 1 – 8 is the rank let us call this second name , so place first name before second name

## #2

The illustration above show the position of a pawn using the algebraic notation of letter-number combination “b3”

## #3

###### How to write capture in chess

A capture action is indicated by the symbol ( x ). It is expressed in this form.

Thanks for reading , you consider proceeding to learn how to set up chess pieces

###### Algebraic Notation for Major Pieces

The Queen,King and Rook are called major pieces, while knight ,bishop and pawns are the minor pieces. The alphabetic Suffix used for Queen is Q, For King is K and For Rook Is R, knight is N and B is bishop

###### Further Tips :

Algebraic Notation

Each square is described by a lowercase (small) letter (a-h) which names the file, and a number (1-8) which tells you the rank.

Each move tells you which piece has moved to which

square. So Rb5 means the White Rook moves to the

square b5. Pawn moves are shown without a “P”, just the

square is named: so d6 means the White Pawn on d5

moves to the square d6.

When you take a piece a cross (x) is used: so RxBb8

means the Rook takes the Bishop on b8. If you take with

a Pawn, you write the file that the Pawn starts on, for

example, gxf4.

Check is shown with a plus (+), Rh1+. Checkmate is

shown with two plus signs, Qg7++, or a hash, Qg7#.

Castling King’s-side is shown as O-O; castling Queen’s

side is shown as O-O-O (neither shown on the diagram).

Sometimes two of the same kind of piece can move to

the same square. For example, both Knights could move

to d6. We show which Knight we have moved by naming

the starting square, so N(f5)d6. Most players shorten this

to either Nfd6 or

N5d6.

Three dots before a move (…Rb7) mean it is a move by

black

A typical tournament Recording Sheet

Other Great Resources for Algebraic Notation